Vitiligo (vi-ti-lli-go) is a word taken from Latin language, whose meaning is calf. Vitiligo is a skin disease in which skin loss his pigment cells because of poor production of melanin cells in skin. The symptoms of disease include appearance of white milky patches on skin, which helps to diagnose the disease. Other symptoms include premature hair color changing, mucous membrane damage and affected retina of eye.
Vitiligo is possible in both genders of any age & race. The disease affects 40-50 million people of world wide, which makes 1-2 percent. The initial white spot or patch is spread mostly on those body areas (face, hands) that directly face the sun rays.
A vitiligo patch spreading or growing process is depends on patient’s body condition. In some patients it is seen that vitiligo patches distribution is in symmetrically or asymmetrically. Earlier patch is limited to some areas of body and after some time they covered whole body areas.
The major cause of vitiligo is improper function of melanocytes cells in skin
Melanocytes cells: these cells refer as the skin special cells, producing melanin cells in skin.
Melanin cells: melanin cells producing pigment cells in skin, which detects skin color and also protect skin from sun rays by acting as sunscreen.
Pigments cells: it is referring as the skin coloring matter. Loss of pigment cells in skin causes change in skin coloration.
With respect to depigmented skin, vitiligo is spreading from various other reasons such as:
Family history of suffering with similar disease can be a possibility of appearance of disease. It is also believed that by irregular way of transfer of autosomal gene from parent to children skin can change his color patterns.
Dietery deficiency refers to the nutritious insufficiency in body. Nutritious factors such as calcium, proteins, vitamins, magnesium, phosphorous are essential for a healthy life. Deficiency of these can make skin cells dehydrated, which in future can be cause of appearance of vitiligo.
Physical illness & medication:
Physical illness, cuts, worms and excessive usage of medicines such as antibiotics and getting number of vaccination are also a cause of vitiligo.
When Immune system T-cells can’t perform their functions, or become over-active and start moving freely anywhere in the skin (entering in the epidermis layer of skin), the skin not only get involved in various diseases but also loss his natural skin color.
Sensitive skin people can easily face sun rays and as a result their skin becomes red, skin cells & tissues become dehydrated & look dull. Skin sun burn or sun exposure both are the cause of vitiligo.
Many patients along with vitiligo get involved in various other diseases at a same time. To diagnose the causes of vitiligo and to verify the other diseases attached with patient surgeons conduct some medical tests such as Antinuclear Antibody Test; Thyroid peroxides antibody, Comprehensive metabolic panel. These tests help surgeons to know about the liver, immune system function of patients.
Many people believe that vitiligo is catching / contagious disease. But fortunately it is not. Psychotherapy which not only provides general information about the disease, treatments of disease, also inform us that the disease can not be spread by touching the patient, or living with patient.
Vitiligo disease is incurable disease, yet there no treatment is discovered that can give patients his natural color back. Treatments just play their role by reproducing the melanin cells in skin.
- PUVA therapy
- Photochemotherapy or light therapy
- Homeopathic treatment
- Skin Grafting
- Skin Transplantation
- Skin Natural Treatment
- Ayurvedic Treatment
- Oral Psoralen Therapy
- Topical Applications